What Is Domain & Hosting? Beginners Guide

Are you a newbie in blogging?

And want to start your own blog. If yes then you should be known about Domain and Hosting because this is the first thing you need to know.

Domain and hosting is the first thing you need to buy for starting a blog.

I’ve seen many beginners get confused to understand both, they think that both are the same thing and they need to buy any one of them.

They have many other questions too, so by this beginners guide, I will clear all your doubts you have about Domain and hosting.

What Is Domain?

What is domain & Hosting?, staymeonline

A domain is the address of a website that you need to put in the URL box of your browser when you want to visit a website.

In more simple words, your website is the house and your domain is the address of that house. It helps others to find your house(website) easily.

Here is the deep explanation:

Internet is a giant network of computers which are connected to each other through cables. To identify them, each computer has assigned with an IP Address.

An IP Address looks like:

129.468.1.1

Let’s assume, you need to enter IP for visiting your favourite website or reading your favourite blog. Isn’t it hard for you?

Yes, this is hard to remember a long IP address.

So, for solving this problem Domain names were invented.

Domain names have words which make easy to remember the address of a website.

Now if you want to visit a website then you don’t need to type a long string of numbers. instead of that, you only need to type to the domain name of that particular website to visit.

How Does Domain work?

As you know, all domains are associated with an IP address of a website to make easy to understand.

When you visit a website by entering its domain in your favourite browser’s URL box, it sends a request to the Global Network of servers where they find the domain’s nameserver.

For example, if you are using Bluehost as your hosting provider then your nameservers will be:

ns1.bluehost.com

ns2.bluehost.com

Once they matched the domain nameserver, your request will be forwarded to the nameservers. These nameservers are the computers managed by your hosting provider.

Then your hosting provider will send your request to the server where your website’s files are stored. In the end, the Web server will fetch your website and the information and will show you on your computer screen.

What Types Of Domain Names Available?

As you might know, there are many domain extensions available when you go for buying a domain. But .com is the most popular domain extension.

Here are the different types of Domain explained:

Top-Level Domain(TLD): TLD or Top Level domain are the domains listed as the top domains extensions in Domain name system.

There are thousands of top-level domain but .com is the most popular one, other domain extensions like .net .org .info etc.

Country Code Top Level Domain(ccTLD): ccTLD or Country Code Top Level Domain are country-specific domain extensions that help for targeting any specific country.

For example: .in is for India, .uk is for united kingdom, .de for Germany etc…

Sponsored Top Level Domain(sTLD): Sponsored Top Level Domain(sTLD) are the domain extensions category that has a sponsor representing a specific community by the domain extension.

For example: .gov for Government websites and .edu is for educations websites.

Can I Transfer My Domain To Another Registrar?

Yes, you can easily transfer your domain to another domain registrar. Domain owners usually do it to save money on domain renewals.

Here you can see I have saved almost 10$‌ by transferring my domain to another host.

This is not tough compare than migrating your website to another hosting provider.

Who Is Responsible For The Domain Name System?

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is responsible for the domain names. It is a non-profile organization that gives permission to companies known as Domain Name Registrar.

Domain name registrars have rights to sell domains and they are allowed to make changes to domain name registry on your behalf.

Domain name registrars can sell domains names, manage records, renewals and transfer to other registrars.

As a domain owner, you are responsible for renewing your domains, you have the rights to transfer it to other registrars and you can tell domain registrar where to point your domain.

What Is Hosting?

Web hosting, staymeonline

Web Hosting is a space over the internet where your website’s files stored. The hosting company provides you with space and all other tools that help you to manage your website.

If your website is a house then hosting is the land on which your house will be built on.

When someone enters your domain in their browser’s URL box and your domain is pointed to your hosting’s nameservers then your visitors will be able to see your website on their screen.

Different Types Of Web Hosting

There are many types of hosting available, it depends on your need which one you should go with.

If you are just starting your WordPress blog then I must recommend you to go with the Shared Hosting.

Because it is good for your initial needs and will be affordable if you having a low budget.

Here is the list of Hosting types available:

  • Shared Hosting
  • Managed WordPress Hosting
  • Cloud Hosting
  • VPS Hosting
  • Dedicated Server Hosting

You can read this guide to know more about different types of Hostings.

Can I Transfer My Website To Another Hosting?

Absolutely YES, You can easily transfer your website from one to another web hosting company.

Even some hosting providers offer FREE Migration for people who are not comfortable in migrating their website.

You don’t need to do anything except providing them login access, they will migrate your website.

If your new hosting provider doesn’t offer free migration then you can follow this guide to migrate yourself.

Difference Between Domain And Hosting

Domain and hosting are two completely different things. However, you need both to make a website possible.

Hosting provides you space for your website where you can place your website’s files and the domain is the address of your website that people need to enter in their URL box to visit your website.

As your domain is connected to your hosting provider’s name server that’s why visitors can see your website.

If your domain is not connected to hosting then users won’t be able to find your website.

You need both to run a website.

Should You Buy It Together or Separately?

You have both the options when starting a blog/website. You can buy them together as well as separately.

But when you buy them together you don’t need to change your name servers because the hosting and domain company is the same in this case, So your domain will already be pointed to hosting.

Another best thing is, you might get a FREE domain along with the purchase of hosting.

Yes, you got this right!

Many hosting companies offer a FREE domain with their plans.

If yours not, then you can find any domain registrar which is offering a HUGE discount on domain purchase.

But in this case, you do need to point your domain to your hosting provider’s name servers.

Conclusion

I hope this post helped you to know about the domain and hosting, and it cleared all your doubts.

If you still have any queries to ask then feel free to drop a comment.

Here are some hand-picked posts which you will like to read:

If this post helped you then must share it with others to help them.

Ravi Dixit

Ravi Dixit is a Blogger and Affiliate Marketer, He is the founder of StayMeOnline Who Loves to help others. Travelling and learning new things online are his first love. "I only want a life without any boundaries- Ravi Dixit"

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